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"Scientific basis" has to refer to correct science. There is no "scientific
basis," for example, for Homer's description of the voyage of Odysseus to
the Underworld; it wouldn't do to merely argue that _Homer_ thought it was
science.

Here, What Eliot or any of his contemporaries thought about feelings or
emotions can be used to gloss the poem, but cannot be used to argue a
"scientific basis" for anything.

Neuroscientists are still debating just what constitutes an emotion or a
feeling. Damasio, for example, defines "emotion" as a bodily (physical)
state and "feeling" as a recognition of that state. And if I remember
correctly, he argues that this was the theory William James advanced.

Carrol