On 10/13/2011 2:55 PM, Chokh Raj wrote: > Certainly, Rick. They all meld into one. > But all this is too obvious, for all to see, and censure. > What, however, interests me is the etiology of Eliot's anti-semitism. > Some of it is obvious in the long history of social prejudice. > However, there seem to be larger, and not so obvious, contexts that lie > behind Eliot's anti-Semitic stance. You may have noticed that I've added a few words to the subject line of the post. For some time I've had a feeling that Eliot's use of Jewish figures in his poetry was an objective correlative. I haven't felt any great desire to explore this further. Now seems to be a good time to bring it up for the list's attention though. As a reminder, here is Eliot discussing the objective correlative: The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an "objective correlative"; in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula of that particular emotion; such that when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked. I did an internet search using the terms eliot anti-semitism "objective correlative" I narrowed the large list of webpages listed down to a few where there was a discussion of a use of objective correlative that made Eliot appear anti-semitic when he could be using the reader's anti-semitism to do his work. Three of the cases below come from books. Regards, Rick Parker ----------------------- http://books.google.com/books?id=4gkGbcE7euAC&pg=PA114 Antisemitism and modernity: innovation and continuity By Hyam Maccoby As a symbolist poet, Eliot required, as the 'objective correlative' of his sense of cultural decay, an image or symbol which would strike at the recesses of his own and his reader's unconscious mind, and the archetypical image of the Jew was singularly fitted to do just this. http://books.google.com/books?id=cyrfMESXG0gC&pg=PA235 Constructions of "the Jew" in English literature and society: racial ... By Bryan Cheyette It is in the discursive context of Eliot's attack on the disorderly '"slither" of Romantic individualism', that 'the jew' became a necessary 'objective correlative' for that which is inexact and uncategorizable. ----------------------- http://books.google.com/books?id=dX1wu6vA1SMC&pg=PA30 Differentials: poetry, poetics, pedagogy By Marjorie Perloff Reluctant to write openly about evils he could not quite put his finger on, he invented an elaborate objective correlative based on stereotypes of Jewish or "Oriental" or female behavior. ----------------------- http:klibredb.lib.kanagawa-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10487/4051/1/kana-14-13-0006.pdf Some reflections about T. S. Eliot's anti-semitism by Junichi Saito - 1997 Some critics argue that the Jew is intended as a symbol of debased morality in human society. It may well be said that Eliot wants his contemporaries to share a sense of crisis at a time when when Europeans at large were turning their back on the Christian Church. Might it be fair to say that Eliot used the Jew as the "objective correlative" to evoke in his contemporaries a sense that Christian morality is lapsing into decay?