1) You didn't ask me
2) I'm not a lawyer

I've read a fair bit on U.S. copyright law.  What I give is not legal
advice or opinion but it is a good starting place to ask real lawyers

Information is not what is copyrighted; it's creativity.  In one of
the examples you give, the ancient poems, it is very likely that an
unusual use of spaces, etc. that were not in the original would be
deemed a creative way of displaying the poem and could be copyrighted.
The poems would likely be translations and each would be protected even
though the original would not.  The order of the poems could be
creative and thus that could be copyrighted.

Information that is not copyrightable would include simple address and
phone number lists and recipes (while a recipe could be VERY creative
I think that there is case law saying that the ingredients and cooking
steps cannot be copyrighted.)

As for a new equation or proof, I doubt that it can be copyrighted
(although I do not know.) It is likely that case law combined with
precedents in mathematics would keep these in the public domain.

    Rick Parker

> Tom
> Questions not meant as a challenge but rather plain curiosity.
> If I write a hitherto unknown equation which reveals new information
> contained within a natural process, is that equation protected under
> Canadian law.  I have not created information: I have revealed a pathway
> to
> observing that information.  My later written description of that equation
> is obviously protected under any copyright but that written description
> reveals information about the equation and how that equation reveals
> information about natural processes and does not reveal primary
> information.
> The basic question is when is information created and when is it displayed
> and is the one act as deserving of copyright as the other.
> I gather together a series of ancient poems, and change their format
> slightly.  The change in format (i.e., instead of one space between the
> title and the body, two spaces)  is obviously intended to create
> copyrights.
> I now publish them under my own copyright.  How have I created information
> that deserves copyright?
> is an example of the above.  Obviously they have
> created a pathway to information but have they created information?
> BTW; contains the full text of "The Waste Land".
> Rick Seddon
> Portales, NM