Diana Manister wrote: > > "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction" is a 1936 > essay by German cultural critic Walter Benjamin which has been > influential in the field of cultural studies. > > His use of the word "aura" in connection with art is a key concept. > From Wikipedia: > > "Walter Benjamin used the word "aura" to refer to the sense of awe and > reverence one presumably experienced in the presence of unique works > of art. According to Benjamin, this aura inheres not in the object > itself but rather in external attributes Eventually someone should edit that Wikipedia article. "Attributes" is the wrong word here. The "restricted distribution" is RELATION -- not a quality or a thing. The relationship between your fingers and your keyboard does not reside in the keyboard _or_ in your fingers OR in your mind -- but it is REAL nevertheless. This is the usual confusion non-marxists and 'orthodox' marxists fall into in reading Marx & his better followers, of mistaking relationships ofor "things" or "qualities." Carrol such as its known line of > ownership, its restricted exhibition, its publicized authenticity, or > its cultural value. Aura is thus indicative of art's traditional > association with primitive, feudal, or bourgeois structures of power > and its further association with magic and (religious or secular) > ritual. With the advent of art's mechanical reproducibility, and the > development of forms of art (such as film) in which there is no actual > original, the experience of art could be freed from place and ritual > and instead brought under the gaze and control of a mass audience, > leading to a shattering of the aura. "For the first time in world > history," Benjamin wrote, "mechanical reproduction emancipates the > work of art from its parasitical dependence on ritual." > > The complete text of Benjamin's "The Work of Art in the Age of > Mechanical Reproduction" is here: > > http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/benjamin.htm > > Diana > > . > > ---------------------------------------------------------------------- > Need to know the score, the latest news, or you need your HotmailŪ-get > your "fix". Check it out.