P.S. Eliot's observation about the quest-for-water lines being the only good lines in TWL, the rest being ephemeral, should be viewed in the light of his epigraph to 'Burbank' : nil nisi divinum stabile est; caetera fumus [only the divine endures, the rest is all smoke] CR cr mittal <[log in to unmask]> wrote: It's not just a matter of "cisterns", Nancy. Let me add to Jeremiah ii, 13 Solomon's exhortation in Proverbs v, 15 : 'Drink waters out of thine own cistern, and running waters out of thine own well'. Eliot could easily have these biblical sources in mind vis-a-vis "empty cisterns and exhausted wells". Mark also in this context the preceding 29-line quest for water beginning "Here is no water..." And all this in the context of the opening lines "He who was living is now dead" etc. as well as the context of the journey to Emmaus and to Chapel Perilous. What more context do we need to establish that Eliot's quest for water here is a spiritual quest? Incidentally, Eliot thought that these quest-for-water lines to be the only 'good lines in The Waste Land', the rest being ephemeral (Letter of 14 August 1923 to Ford Madox Ford, WL Drafts, p. 129). [Manju Jain, Notes, p. 184] Regards, CR --------------------------------- Park yourself in front of a world of choices in alternative vehicles. Visit the Yahoo! Auto Green Center.