As it happens, that is not what "negative capability is about." Nor is Eliot's theory of impersonality, though I fail to see how it is combined with "control." But as you seem to be completely in agreement with Tabitha and me and contradicting Peter since you focus on the "liberty" with language of "a man" who "knows" it, why are you praising his commitment to not "knowing" any particular "language" that is consistent? "Taking liberties" with something already there is, of course, the point, minus the assumption of language being a male preserve. Nancy >>> [log in to unmask] 04/08/06 9:18 AM >>> I'm also reminded of Keats' "Negative Capability" in the context of Shakespeare. It's not a case of one's being a turncoat, a scarecrow that turns with every wind. Only a man who knows his language can take liberties with the language. Thanks again. ~ CR cr mittal <[log in to unmask]> wrote: Thanks, Peter, for your superb elucidation of "mind-forged manacles" vis-a-vis spellings. Your closing observation Is there a fear of loss of power through loss of control here? Dare we let ordinary people take back the language for themselves? Guess what? It doesn't matter. They're doing it anyway. reminds me of TSE's concept of Impersonality/Control. Regards. ~ CR Peter Montgomery <[log in to unmask]> wrote: What's wrong with being wrong? Seems rather unfortunate to me to avoid speculation based on what one knows, just to avoid being wrong. Since lives on being wrong. Why do there need to be rules for variation? What is wrong with open-ended exploration? If the written language in all its incredible variations and off-shooots could last for a millenium without a lexicon, why does it need one now, after only three centuries? Conventions are not the same things as standards. An e on the end or not is irrelevant. A double consonant is irrelevant. The demands of sound would be the guide, not the demands of the lexicon. Chaucer can seem pretty difficult when first experienced as writing, but once the oral dimension is introduced, all the little pfennigs tend to drop into place. Seems pretty straightforward to me. Is there a fear of loss of power through loss of control here? Dare we let ordinary people take back the language for themselves? Guess what? It doesn't matter. They're doing it anyway. P. ----- Original Message ----- From: "Nancy Gish" To: Sent: Friday, April 07, 2006 9:23 PM Subject: 'Tyger' and 'Vrka' (Was: 'Mind forged menacles' (sic) and spelling ) I don't know the answer to your question because it has been too long since I studied Anglo-Saxon, and I would not go by the texts I have since they may be too dated. I only know that at the time we were required on exams to place texts by geography and date on the basis of spelling and lexicon, and we were given only a few lines at a time. That does not suggest wide variation in individuals. And I do not "suspect" anything because it is a matter of linguistic history which could be checked to the extent that we have texts, not just opinion. In any case, our disagreement is over the notion itself that there is anything particularly individually creative or freeing about spelling by personal choice. I see nothing freeing about it: as others have well stated, it is only by contrast to a standard that any variation has effect. If there is only random variation, there is no way to make distinctive effects and thus no particular free creativity either. I pointed out that TWL is all in standard spelling, but of course there is the one variation of "that "Shakespeherian Rag." The impact of that is due to its difference from "Shakespearean" and its syncopated rhythm. (One can do a triple time swing step to the whole phrase, and Eliot apparently liked to dance though Vivienne did not think he was all that good at it.) You said in another post that no one is talking about just random spelling variation, but you have not described or defined any form of structured or meaningful or limited variation. Whatever is "the point"? What, other than pronouncements of personal opinion, supports your "point"? Cheers --------------------------------- New Yahoo! Messenger with Voice. Call regular phones from your PC and save big. --------------------------------- Yahoo! Messenger with Voice. PC-to-Phone calls for ridiculously low rates.