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Mobirders,
Below is an excerpt from Swarovski's THE BIRDING COMMUNITY BULLETIN.  
I've included some of the topics in this month's issue and a "good news" 
story about a species being brought back from the brink.

I post this to alert you to the bulletin and encourage you to sign up to 
receive it.

Edge Wade
Columbia, MO
[log in to unmask]



From: "Paul J. Baicich" <[log in to unmask]>
Date: Fri Dec 02, 2005  06:16:07 AM US/Central
To: "Paul J. Baicich" <[log in to unmask]>
Cc: "Wayne Petersen" <[log in to unmask]>

THE BIRDING COMMUNITY E-BULLETIN  December 2005

This Birding Community E-bulletin is being distributed as a service for
active and concerned birders, those dedicated to the joys of birding and
the protection of birds and their habitats. You can access an archive of
past E-bulletins on the website of the National Wildlife Refuge 
Association
(NWRA):    www.refugenet.org/birding/birding5.html

IVORY-BILLED WOODPECKER GUIDELINE

The third annual "Superbowl of Birding"

ARCTIC REFUGE UPDATE

TWO DECADES OF CRP

NORTHERN BOBWHITE RESTORATION EFFORTS AND A NEW WEBSITE

LAYSAN DUCKS DOING WELL ON MIDWAY

For yet another amazing back-from-the-brink story, the U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service (USFWS) recently reported that Laysan Ducks are doing 
well
at Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge.

Fearing that a single event like a typhoon might wipe out this species, 
in
October 2004 biologists transferred 20 of the ducks from Laysan Island in
the Hawaiian Islands NWR to Midway Atoll NWR. Although one duck died, 
five
of the six original females successfully nested. A number of ducklings
survived, and a second translocation of 22 more birds to two different
locations at the Midway Atoll NWR - an additional "insurance" against
extinction - took place in October of this year. This year's 
translocation
effort  - run by the USFWS and the USGS - included assistance from the
Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust in the UK, the State of Hawaii Division of
Forestry and Wildlife, and numerous volunteers from both the public and
private sectors.

The Laysan Duck was once widespread in the Hawaiian Islands (bones have
been found on Moloka`i, O`ahu, Kaua`i, Maui, and Hawai`i), as well as in
the northwestern Hawaiian Islands. It survived only on Laysan Island by 
the
1800s. On Laysan Island the species was hunted for sport and for food in
the 1890s. Also, the introduction of rabbits by humans devastated the
island's vegetation, reducing the duck population to 11 by 1911.

As the story goes, a biologist who visited Laysan Island in 1930 found 
only
one pair of ducks. He was then shocked to discover that the male of the
pair had disappeared and that all the eggs in the female's nest had been
punctured by a Bristle-thighed Curlew. It looked like the biological end 
of
the road for the species. Astonishingly, the female duck had sufficient
semen stored in her oviduct to produce another fertile clutch, and it is
from this single female and her eggs that the world's population of 
Laysan
Duck is now reportedly descended.

Numbering about 300 individuals today, this Endangered species is still 
at
high risk of extinction due to severe weather, disease, accidental
introductions, and/or habitat degradation. Fortunately, there are also
hundreds of Laysan Ducks in captive-breeding facilities in various parts 
of
the world, thus providing a potential back-up source population.

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