A lot of complex information for something that isn't really, you know -- a language. And only six basic words. DNA/RNA speak and move within the medium of the biosphere--competitively, cooperatively and indifferently. Our DNA rests with reasonable comfort within the organism it has built for itself. A virus does not possess such luxury. It has to move opportunistically and with reasonable rapidity to perpetuate itself. Which seems to be the object of all DNA/RNA paradigms -- continual self-replication moving toward some long term biological destiny. The viral behavior always telescopes outward and encompasses whatever host structure within which it finds itself. Often chaotically, many times unsuccessfully. But always with continuity notwithstanding extinction.
LOCUS       HSDJ37C10                309 bp    DNA     linear   PRI 07-JUL-2000
DEFINITION  Human DNA sequence from clone RP1-37C10 on chromosome 1p35.2-35.21.
            Contains the gene for the ortholog of mouse and rat PDI
            (protein-arginine deiminase (KIAA0994, EC,
            peptidylarginine deiminase)), the SDHB gene for succinate
            dehydrogenase complex, subunit B, iron sulfur (Ip) (EC,
            SDH1), the gene for a novel ATPase, the MFAP2 gene for
            microfibrillar-associated protein 2 (microfibril-associated
            glycoprotein precursor, MGAP1) and the gene KIAA0445. Contains
            ESTs, STSs, GSSs and four putative CpG islands, complete sequence.
ACCESSION   AL049569 REGION: 274..582
VERSION     AL049569.13  GI:5263031
KEYWORDS    HTG; CpG island; KIAA0445; KIAA0994; MFAP2; MGAP1; PDI; SDHB.
SOURCE      Homo sapiens (human)
  ORGANISM  Homo sapiens
            Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi;
            Mammalia; Eutheria; Primates; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo.
REFERENCE   1  (bases 1 to 309)
  AUTHORS   Heath,P.
  TITLE     Direct Submission
  JOURNAL   Submitted (13-JAN-2000) Sanger Centre, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire,
            CB10 1SA, UK. E-mail enquiries: [log in to unmask] Clone
            requests: [log in to unmask]
COMMENT     On Jun 29, 1999 this sequence version replaced gi:5262391.
            This sequence has been finished according to sequence map criteria
            as follows. An attempt is made to resolve all sequencing problems,
            such as compressions and repeats, but not necessarily within known
            annotated human repeat sequence elements (e.g. Alu). Where the
            sequence is ambiguous, there is an annotation using the 'unsure'
            feature key.
            This sequence was generated from part of bacterial clone contigs of
            human chromosome 1, constructed by the Sanger Centre Chromosome 1
            Mapping Group. Further information can be found at
            During sequence assembly data is compared from overlapping clones.
            Where differences are found these are annotated as variations
            together with a note of the overlapping clone name. Note that the
            variation annotation may not be found in the sequence submission
            corresponding to the overlapping clone, as we submit sequences with
            only a small overlap as described above.
            The following abbreviations are used to associate primary accession
            numbers given in the feature table with their source databases:
            Em:, EMBL; Sw:, SWISSPROT; Tr:, TREMBL; Wp:, WORMPEP; Information
            on the WORMPEP database can be found at
            http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Projects/C_elegans/wormpep RP1-37C10 is
            from the library RPCI-1 constructed at the Roswell Park Cancer
            Institute by the group of Pieter de Jong. For further details see
            VECTOR: pCYPAC2
            IMPORTANT: This sequence is not the entire insert of clone
            RP1-37C10 It may be shorter because we only sequence overlapping
            sections once, or longer because we arrange for a small overlap
            between neighbouring submissions.
FEATURES             Location/Qualifiers
     source          1..309
                     /organism="Homo sapiens"
                     /mol_type="genomic DNA"
     repeat_region   1..309
                     /note="AluSc repeat: matches 1..309 of consensus"
        1 ttttttgttt ttgtttgttt ttgttttttt gaggtggaat cttgctctgt cacctggctg
       61 gagtgcagtg gtgcaatctc agctcactgc aacctctgcc tcctgggttc aagtgattct
      121 cctgcctcag cttcccgagt agctggaact acagacatgt gccagcacac ccagctaatt
      181 tttgtatttt tggtagagac ggggtttcac tatgttagcc aggatgacct cgatctcttg
      241 acctcgtgat ccacccacct cagcctccca aagtgctggg attacaggcg tgagccacca
      301 tgcccagcc

-----Original Message-----
From: Ken Armstrong <[log in to unmask]>


Thanks, I can see that there is some use and power in the analogy, though it is an analogy, especially when you get to the commutative part (I think of those Eliot poems which feature The Word, speaking, and hearing). The verbum infans and virum infans don't, in their grounds, much point to each other. Sorry for the fractured Latin.

Ken A.

At 01:28 AM 10/28/2004 -0700, Francis Gavin wrote:

Words are the DNA of language. It's also commutative. A virus is a language.