I'm reading a very interesting book on German Modernism and art.  One
claim it makes is that modernism was, on the one hand, identified with
"Judaization" and on the other with Modernists who were anti-Semites.
by Peter Paret (Cambridge).  Every "movement" is internally differentiated.
That is one reason why the simplification of the word "feminism" is so
problematic.  There is no single "feminist" position on much of anything
except opposition to patriarchy, which is not at all the same as opposition
to men, many of whom are--as I noted--feminists or supporters of

It is also true that many women have opposed war (consider The Women
in Black today) on feminist as well as other grounds.  But that need not
have any basis in an essentialist view of women as naturally nurturing.


Date sent:              Mon, 2 Dec 2002 09:53:33 -0600
Send reply to:          "T. S. Eliot Discussion forum." <[log in to unmask]>
From:                   Carrol Cox <[log in to unmask]>
Subject:                (At least half a point for Peter)  Antiwar movement grows
To:                     [log in to unmask]

Washington Post, Dec. 2, 2002

Antiwar Effort Gains Momentum
Growing Peace Movement's Ranks Include Some Unlikely Allies

By Evelyn Nieves
Washington Post Staff Writer

AMHERST, Mass. -- [clip]
"I said that all mothers should automatically be against war," Reed
said. "It was against their nature to be violent instead of nurturing."
Maybe, she said, it was time to start a movement -- Mothers Against War.

I guess the cliche of the nurturing nature of Woman, at least of
mothers, is still around. But as I said of _all_ mass movements, they are
internally varied and even contradictory. For one thing, people enter them
carrying all the baggage of "standard culture" and ideology, and only at a
second or later stage do they begin a self-critique of that baggage.

Perhaps it would be useful (particularly for an e-list on Eliot) to
remember that in some ways "Modernism" was a movement of sorts. And any
student of modernism (or of any one or two or three "modernist" figures)
soon realizes how difficult it is to pin that down to any formula.