Carrol Cox wrote:

> (I think it was Homer's to begin with?) Kenner's discussion of this
> metaphor (which he claimed, if I remember correctly, was the way the
> Aristotelian concept of metaphor should be understood) was quite
> interesting.
> It did not, he argued, compare _either_ the sea to a field or a ship to
> a plow. Rather it compared two _actions_: the action of the plow moving
> through the ground with the action of a ship moving through the sea.
> This makes sense of Aristotle's praise of metaphor as showing the
> recognition of resemblances. There isn't really any very interesting
> resemblance between ship and plow or field and sea -- but to identify
> the two actions really creates a new word and a new referent for that
> word. A (football) runner plows through the line. A shopper plows
> through the crowd. The thinker plows through the web of details. The
> metaphor identifies a genus (not recognized before) of which all these
> actions are species.

    I'm not sure I can so easily hold onto the idea of plowing absent something that
plows and something that is plowed, but I understand what you are saying about the

> Aristotle's praise of metaphor as showing the recognition of resemblances

And in showing differences, no?  "The plow plows the field" is not news.