Because email is so flat, I wonder but don't know if your first line is
sarcasm. In any case, what I wrote is accurate. But Robert J. Lifton's
THE PROTEAN SELF discusses mulitiplicity in the context of a changed and
"modern" world. He sees it as having increased because of modern
conditions. He also sees it in a continuum such that multiplicity can
be a healthy response to those conditions.
I do not think duality and multiplicity are--in themselves--disorders.
They are so pathologized that it is assumed, but Stevenson is, I think,
right when he has Dr. Jekyll say man [sic] will come to be known as a
mere polity of independent denizens; Jekyll acknowledges a moral
division in himself but not as an essential part of duality, and
Stevenson himself seems clearly to have experienced a double--notably in
his sense of a quite other self who lived a continuous and separate life
in dreams (not the typical disparate and intermittent dreaming).
No one says, if a person who is NOT dual or multiple is a serial
murderer that it is because they are singular or because they killed off
their other selves.
There is a great deal of erudition available if you wish to read it.
>>> David Boyd <[log in to unmask]> 11/21/07 12:35 PM >>>
In a message dated 21/11/2007 16:56:40 GMT Standard Time,
[log in to unmask] writes:
I don't think so. Dissociation and later neo-dissociation developed
of the work of Charcot with "hysterics" at the Salpêtriére in the
mid-19th century. Both Freud and Janet studied with Charcot. I think
the interest in Sybil and "The Three Faces of Eve" either was part of
a catalyst for increased interest in multiplicity in the 80's and 90's,
and dissociation is a key explanatory model. Freud used the term but
shifted to his theory of repression and especially sexually-caused
repression, but that did not explain the hysteria of the WWI soldiers
other forms of trauma.
I'm sure the sociological issues affect all versions of hysteria, but
duality and multiplicity have been observed and described for
Thank you for the erudition ! - still feel they often may have the same
roots albeit that they're differing branches and that much tends to be
spectrum, with the psychological disorders at one end and the
tendencies and movements at the other: all psychological disorders
exist within a
social[ized] context and many do have some of their roots therein,