Teh argument is that gender is socially defined.
However law is socially defined and language is
socially defined. Many philosophers even argue that
reality is socially defined (As an aside, this puts
Dawkin inanities into perspective).
So if the argument is that gender roles are socially
defined. The answer would be that the argument proves
nothing. There is an underlying argument that is not
being made explicit.
--- Diana Manister <[log in to unmask]> wrote:
Well then. Heaven will be full of all these sexed
souls with no options but premarital relations or
abstinence -- another absurdist joke on us made by our
creator? heh. Diana
Jesus said the would be no marriage,
but I don't think he said anything about sex. ;->
----- Original Message -----
From: Diana Manister
To: [log in to unmask]
Sent: Monday, July 16, 2007 6:35 AM
Subject: Re: Sex and Gender, was Jeremiah ...?
Perhaps those social roles are fig newtons of our
imaginations. It comes as news, however, that souls
are sexed. I thought we could be done with all that in
It is then astonishing how many brilliant scientists
and poets and
thinkers throughout history saw social roles.
>>> Kate Troy <[log in to unmask]> 07/15/07 1:07 PM >>>
As an artist (painter), it is clear to me that the
and female go beyond the biological and the contour;
it is, in fact, a
of heart and soul, and social roles have nothing to
do with it.
In a message dated 7/15/2007 12:53:55 P.M. Eastern
[log in to unmask] writes:
Nancy Gish wrote:
> Eliot is a dead poet and a topic of debate and
study, not a
> in the debate.
> Gender does not mean sex, and its separate meaning
is one of those
> has become quite distinct in usage. It is not a
euphemism for sex,
> which does not need a euphemism anyway, as in
academic terms it
> to biological difference as distinguished from
social roles. Read
> current or recent texts on gender.
Considering how fixed the distinction between sex and
gender is I'm
amazed that any literate person isn't familiar with
Even after making the distinction (gender = social;
sex = biology)
still remain problems: Up until a couple centuries
ago (this is debated
by some of course) the model was one sex, two
genders: the difference
between men and women was a difference of degree --
incompletely 'cooked' men. See Thomas Laqueur,
_Making Sex: Body and
Gender from the Greeks to Freud_ (Harvard UP, 1990).
See also a fine
review by Stephen Jay Gould, "The Birth of the
Two-Sex World," NYRB,
June 13, 1991.
Gould emphasizes that in terms of biology there are
equal arguments for
the one-sex and the two-sex models. Politically I
have held elsewhere
that probably the most desirable model is one-sex,
many genders. But
that _is_ a POLITICAL not a biological or medical
issue. The biology is
quite neutral on the topic.
From Gould's review:
The "two-sex model" replaced this concept of woman
and man as two
on a graded continuum with a notion of two
entities, bearing different organs that imply
divergent behaviors and
aptitudes; (divergent perhaps, but still eminently
rankable, for sexism
is the one invariant in this history of transition).
Thus the old model, in which men and women were
arrayed according to
their degree of metaphysical perfection, their vital
heat, along an
axis whose telos was male, gave way by the late
eighteenth century to a
new model of radical dimorphism, of biological
divergence. An anatomy
and physiology of incommensurability replaced a
hierarchy in the representation of woman in relation
Why did this transition occur, and why over a broad
stretch of time
centered on the early eighteenth century? The answer
cannot lie in any
simplistic notion of empirical discovery wrested from
triumphant science (quite a set of male images). I
shall return to the
role of empirics among other causes of transition
later in this review,
but a simple reason suffices to debar factual
adequacy as a primary
agent of the switch: neither model is "correct" by
standard; both capture elements of anatomical
Both models have supported male-supremacist ideology,
but in different
ways, which can be crudely summarized as hierarchical
Gould's review discusses that contrast also.
************************************** Get a sneak
peak of the all-new
Missed the show? Watch videos of the Live Earth
Concert on MSN.
No virus found in this incoming message.
Checked by AVG Free Edition.
Version: 7.5.476 / Virus Database: 269.10.8/904 -
Release Date: 7/16/2007 5:42 PM
See what you’re getting into…before you go there
Finding fabulous fares is fun.
Let Yahoo! FareChase search your favorite travel sites to find flight and hotel bargains.