All interesting information which we have been through countless times on
But the Marie in the poem has her own existence as a part of the art form,
Stephen Dedalus in Portrait Of The Artist has his own existence and is not
simply an autobiographical presentation of Joyce.
If the biography of the original Marie were relevant, it would be in the
----- Original Message -----
From: "Diana Manister" <[log in to unmask]>
To: <[log in to unmask]>
Sent: Thursday, August 31, 2006 8:48 AM
Subject: Eliot and Biography
> Peter wrote:
> "It is interesting to know that Marie of TWL perhaps reflects an actual
person, but what relevance is that to the poem as a whole, other than,
perhaps, that other parts of the poem reflect related actual elements of
life. Interesting, but so what?"
> Peter, it is more than interesting that Marie is certainly Marie, Countess
Larisch, and that her story illustrates not only the state of the
aristocracy in Europe during the war years but the migrations of refugees it
caused, both themes in TWL In addition, Eliot quotes her speaking in her
native language, not in translation. The sampling of untranslated languages
in the poem is a somewhat separate issue, but in this instance it brings
home the Countess's refugee status in a concrete manner.
> More about her can be found at
http://world.std.com/~raparker/exploring/thewasteland/exmarie.html if this
excerpt does not suffice.
> "Marie's life took a turn for the worst in January 1889 when Archduke
Rudolph, who was married to Princess Stephanie (the daughter of Leopold II
of Belgium) was found dead at Mayerling, a hunting lodge not far from
Vienna. The body of the archduke, the heir to the Austrian Empire, was found
with the body of Marie (Mary) Vetsera, a baroness who was his mistress (see
Mayerling below.) Even by her own accounts the Countess had been serving as
a go-between for Rudolph and Mary, although, in her books, she wrote that
she was at times duped and at other times her good-nature was taken
advantage of. Despite this, when the affair came to its bloody end she
suffered the wrath of the imperial family and became the disgrace of Europe.
> During World War I the Countess underwent six months training and served
as a Red Cross supervisor in charge of hospital trains. Her son Otto was
called to service in the last year of the war until he was gassed and
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