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MOBIRDS-L  March 2006, Week 3

MOBIRDS-L March 2006, Week 3

Subject:

Ivory-billed Woodpecker

From:

Chris Hobbs <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

[log in to unmask]

Date:

Sun, 19 Mar 2006 23:30:55 -0600

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (135 lines)

Rarely do we have an opportunity to witness a remarkable birding story unfold, but the last 11 months have been incredibly educational and thought provoking.  For those with only an interest in state bird reports, please delete.  For those who are inquisitive, read on:

From: Kenn Kaufman <[log in to unmask]>
>Reply-To: Kenn Kaufman <[log in to unmask]>
>To: [log in to unmask]
>Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] Woodpecker I.D.
>Date: Sun, 19 Mar 2006 14:58:02 -0500
>
>I have always enjoyed the eloquence of  Ned Brinkley's writing and his 
>clear, cogent expression of ideas.  In his recent post on I.D. Frontiers, 
>he wrote:
>
>>  I do wonder, however, who among us would qualify as an "I.D.
>>expert" on Ivory-billed Woodpecker.  I personally can't add much
>>to the discussion, never having seen an Ivory-billed as anything other
>>than a museum specimen, photograph, or movie clip.  I can't
>>unequivocally rule out Ivory-billed in the brief, blurry video, nor can I
>>rule it in (lacking any field familiarity with the species, though I do 
>>know
>>others of the genus).  Thanks to a generation of mentors that include
>>geniuses in the worlds of hawkwatching, seabirding, and even
>>identification of flyover passerines, we are all terribly aware that there
>>is no substitute for direct, personal experience of a species when
>>learning its identification.
>
>This is beautiful writing, but I totally disagree with its aim: to argue 
>that we who haven't seen living Ivory-bills aren't in a position to try to 
>analyze images of purported Ivory-bills.  Take that to its logical 
>conclusion and it would be a condemnation of the Cornell scientists who 
>announced that "we have proof" when in fact they didn't.  But the timing 
>suggests that Ned is directing his comments at those who are questioning 
>the video I.D., not at those who made the claim in the first place.
>
>No, I have never seen a living Ivory-bill.  For all I know, the species may 
>have been extinct before I was born.  But I have spent thousands of hours 
>carefully studying photographs and video images of other birds.  During my 
>work at Vireo (Visual Resources for Ornithology), during the ten years that 
>I was writing the "photo quiz" feature for Birding magazine, during the 
>research that I did for my Advanced Birding guide, during the Photoshop 
>work that I did for my more recent guides, and during months of work as a 
>consultant to various bird video projects, I had a major amount of 
>experience in considering what birds look like in photographs and video 
>images, and the ways in which those images can mislead.  I do feel 
>qualified to comment on some things in the Luneau video, even without the 
>mystical enlightenment that would come with actually seeing the species in 
>life.
>
>One point mentioned briefly by both the Sibley and Cornell teams, but not 
>fully addressed by either, is the strong tendency for white to "bleed" or 
>expand in video images.  This happens equally with out-of-focus or blurred 
>photos (so that on a blurred photo of a flying adult Ring-billed Gull, for 
>example, the white spots in the black primary tips may appear larger than 
>they really are).  Red also bleeds in video, incidentally, in a somewhat 
>different way, but black doesn't.  The Cornell paper goes on at great 
>length about the fact that the Luneau video doesn't show an obvious black 
>trailing edge to the white underwing.  What I find more disturbing is that 
>the video doesn't show nearly as much of a WHITE trailing edge as it should 
>if the bird were an Ivory-bill.  Ivory-bills had entirely white 
>secondaries, including the innermost.  Unless the species really was 
>supernaturally different from every other bird on the planet, as some 
>people seem to be suggesting now, that white on the inner secondaries 
>should have been strikingly obvious in flight, especially in any kind of 
>rear view, and the white nearest the body should have been most obvious of 
>all.  In the Luneau video, if the bird were an Ivory-bill, the white on the 
>innermost part of the wing should have been blazingly apparent in Science 
>frames 283.3 and 300, among others.  Instead, the most obvious white is 
>farther out the wing. Science frame 350 is most troubling of all, because 
>despite the bleeding effect of white here, it shows a very obvious black 
>trailing edge to something -- if it isn't the underside of the right wing, 
>it's the upperside of the left wing, and neither of these would be possible 
>on a bird with white secondaries.  The Cornell team hasn't addressed this 
>problem because they can't.  Cornell's attempts at reenactment of the 
>bird's appearance in flight are flawed from the outset, because the wings 
>of real birds twist and turn in flight, unlike the wings of painted 
>cardboard models.  If you look closely at the supporting online materials 
>from both papers, you can see that Sibley has drawn a very plausible 
>depiction of how a typical Pileated Woodpecker could produce the image seen 
>in the video, while the Cornell team is essentially grasping at straws to 
>try to prop up their position.
>
>Ned Brinkley's post also brought up the thorny subject of what to think 
>about sight records.  I have the utmost respect for all of the observers 
>involved, but I have to point out that even the very best observers can 
>misidentify birds.  Especially in sightings that are brief (as all of those 
>in Arkansas seem to have been), the possibility for error is always there. 
>The human mind and human perceptions play tricks on all of us, most of all 
>when we know exactly what our quarry ought to look like.  In dealing with 
>documentation submitted to records committees, many times I've encountered 
>situations where what the observer "saw" didn't match what they saw.  For 
>example: the mid-winter record of Swainson's Hawk, accompanied by 
>absolutely perfect sketches and notes recounting every last detail of a 
>Swainson's Hawk, and a photo that shows that the bird was really a 
>Red-tail.  It happens!  That's why we insist on having some sort of 
>physical documentation for extraordinary bird records.
>
>Finally, I found this comment from Ned somewhat misleading:
>
>>  It is remarkable to me that despite all his searching, Tanner never 
>>actually
>>found an Ivory-billed Woodpecker himself: he was taken to the Louisiana
>>sites by locals.  If these birds do still exist, they may be more 
>>difficult to pin
>>down than any of us imagine.
>
>Tanner was taken to the Lousiana sites by locals in the same way that the 
>Cornell teams were taken to the Arkansas sites by Gene Sparling.  The 
>difference was that once he was there, Tanner was able to observe the 
>Ivory-bills at great length.  And he wasn't the only one.  Peterson went to 
>see the birds, and so did John Baker, and Richard Pough, and Don 
>Eckelberry, and various others, and they may have had to search for a 
>while, but they SAW the birds.  Now we have this growing mythology about 
>the Arkansas Ivory-bills as ghostly beings that can evade armies of 
>searchers for months at a time...   it simply doesn't make sense. Like Ned, 
>I too wish Cornell the best of success in locating a population of living 
>Ivory-bills, and I'm eagerly awaiting the first bits of evidence that there 
>are still some birds out there.
>
>Kenn Kaufman
>Rocky Ridge, Ohio
>

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