From: Eric McLuhan
Ever wonder why President Bush refers to the people of Greece as
A report published Monday by the Lovenstein Institute of Scranton,
Pennsylvania, detailed its findings of a four month study of the
intelligence quotient of President George W. Bush.
Since 1973, the Lovenstein Institute has published its research to the
educational community on each new president, which includes the famous
"IQ" report among others. There have been twelve presidents over the
past 50 years, from F.D. Roosevelt to G.W. Bush, who were rated based on
1. Writings that they produced without aid of staff.
2. Their ability to speak with clarity, and several other psychological
factors, which were then scored using the Swanson/Crain system of
The study determined the following IQs of each president as accurate to
within five percentage points.
In order by presidential term:
Franklin Delano Roosevelt [D] 142,
Harry S. Truman [D] 132,
Dwight David Eisenhower [R] 122
John Fitzgerald Kennedy [D] 174,
Lyndon Baines Johnson [D] 126,
Richard Milhous Nixon [R] 155,
Gerald R. Ford [R] 121,
James Earle Carter [D] 175,
Ronald Wilson Reagan [R] 105
George Herbert Walker Bush [R] 98,
William Jefferson Clinton [D] 182,
George Walker Bush [R] 91
In order of IQ rating:
182 . . William Jefferson Clinton [D]
175 . . James Earle Carter [D]
174 . . John Fitzgerald Kennedy [D]
155 . . Richard Milhous Nixon [R]
147 . . Franklin Delano Roosevelt [D]
132 . . Harry S. Truman [D]
126 . . Lyndon Baines Johnson [D]
122 . . Dwight David Eisenhower [R]
121 . . Gerald R. Ford [R]
105 . . Ronald Wilson Reagan [R]
098 . . George Herbert Walker Bush [R]
091 . . George Walker Bush [R]
The six Republican presidents of the past 50 years had an average IQ of
115.5, with President Nixon having the highest at 155. President George
W. Bush rated the lowest of all the Republicans with an IQ of 91.
The six Democratic presidents of the past 50 years had an average IQ of
156, with President Clinton having the highest IQ, at 182. President
Lyndon B. Johnson was rated the lowest of all the Democrats with an IQ
of 126. No president other than Carter [D] has released his actual IQ
Among comments made concerning the specific testing of President G.
W.Bush, his low ratings are due to his apparently difficult command of
the English language in public statements, his limited use of vocabulary
[6,500 words for Bush versus an average of 11,000 words for other
presidents], his lack of scholarly achievements other than a basic MBA,
and an absence of any body of work which could be studied on an
The complete report documents the methods and procedures used to arrive
at these ratings, including depth of sentence structure and voice stress
"All the Presidents prior to George W. Bush had a least one book under
their belt, and most had written several white papers during their
education or early careers. Not so with President Bush," Dr. Lovenstein
said. "He has no published works or writings, which made it more
difficult to arrive at an assessment. We relied more heavily on
transcripts of his unscripted public speaking."
The Lovenstein Institute of Scranton Pennsylvania think tank includes
high caliber historians, psychiatrists, sociologists, scientists in
human behavior, and psychologists. Among their ranks are Dr. Werner R.
Lovenstein, world-renowned sociologist, and Professor Patricia F.
Dilliams, a world- respected psychiatrist.