According to Southam, when the poem was first published as a separate
poem, the title was "Perch'io Non Spero."
Pound wrote an introduction to Cavalcani Poems in 1912, and Eliot may
have first seen it there.
Southam is always a useful first place to look for such info.
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Today I was leafing through an anthology of thirteenth-century Italian
poetry, and I found this poem by Guido Cavalcanti, that began "Perch'io
spero di tornar giammai". It instantly reminded me of "Because I do not
to turn again" in Ash Wednesday... I really don't know whether Eliot got
from Cavalcanti, but I assume he did, since there line is identical.
Anyway -- have any articles been written about Eliot and Dolce Stil
mean, beside Dante's poetry)