I do not think that myths are best defined as fictions. I do think that in
today's world that they are often carelessly represented as "fictions".
Campbell has what I would call an occultist usage of myth. Because of the
emotional baggage attached to the word "occultist" he would probably say
that this is not a fair characterization. Note however that he repeatedly
refers to myths as "clues" to truth. Clues are clues only until the "key"
to the association of "clues" is discovered. Once the "key" is discovered
truth is revealed. Again, the quest for the "key" to the mysteries is the
important search for occultists. For the occultist truth is all around us
if we only knew how to interpret it. The search for that "how" is what
occultism is all about. The occultist differs from the revealed religions
in whether this "key" is hidden or not and whether it is available to
everyone or not. The occultist believes that the "key" is hidden and
available only to trained initiates. The practitioner of revealed religion
believes that the "key" is open and available to all who want it. For the
Muslim the "key" is the Qur'an. For the Christian it is faith in the
resurrection of Jesus. For the Jew it is in the oral and written Torah, the
Mishna and the Hebrew Bible. For these revealed religions the "key" is not
occulted or hidden. For the occultist it is.
For a complete discussion of occultism and modernism see; Leon Surette,
"The Birth of Modernism". McGill, Montreal, 1993