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MOBIRDS-L  July 2003, Week 4

MOBIRDS-L July 2003, Week 4

Subject:

Missouri River Flow Regulation -Least Terns and Piping Plovers

From:

Robert Fisher <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

Robert Fisher <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Thu, 24 Jul 2003 20:59:10 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (35 lines)

I heard a radio report today that the Corps of Engineers had been held in contempt for disregarding a court order regarding its regulation of Missouri River ater levels. It is not my purpose here to get into the merits of the litigation, or even to debate the conservation issues involved. Rather, I would like some comment on the feasibility of providing artificial nesting habitat for Least Terns and Piping Plovers in lieu of allowing the water level of the river to fall nautrally to the point where sand bars emerge.

By way of background and to simplfy, the radio reporter framed the issue as to Least Terns and Piping Plovers as follows: Least Terns, Piping Plovers (and a paddle fish) are threatened or endangered species. To preserve them, environmentalists want the Corps to allow the water level of the Missouri River to fluctuate naturally. But for human intervention, the river would normally have lots of water in it in spring and much less water in it in summer. Falling water levels in summer would expose sand bars on which Least Terns and Piping Plovers could nest. (I'm not sure how the paddle fish would benefit, but I can believe it would). The Corps has hitherto sided with commercial interests -- who want to keep the river low enough in spring to avoid flooding and high enough in summer to encourage barge traffic -- by holding back water in spring and releasing it in summer.  In an effort to appease both sides, the Corps evidently proposes to spend $42 million to preserve the Least Tern, Piping Plover and paddle fish without ceasing to prevent the water level from fluctuating naturally.

I'm interested in knowing what the Corps plans to do with the $42 million and whether it can work. I would probably have a knee jerk reaction that natural habitat ought to be better for the terns and plover than any amount of artifical habitat but for my experience growing up on the south shore of Long Island, NY.  There, inlets and salt water bays were often dredged to provide channels for recreational and commercial boat traffic. The dredges piped sand-laden salt water onto the shore, and the water ran back into the bay, leaving patches of residual white sand and pebbles on which lots of  Least Terns and a few  Piping Plovers nested until vegetation gradually took over. Those patches of dredged sand were by far the best locations around for nesting Least Terns. Piping Plovers still nested regularly on the beach on the ocean side then, so it appeared that the patches of dredged sand were just incidentally useful to them. However,  soon after that, Piping Plover populations crashed as beach disturbance increased. I can imagine protected areas of dredge residue  being relatively much more valuable to them today because so little undisturbed ocean beach remains.

So, now to my question. Could not artificially created habitat along the lines of those patches of dredged sand, maintained more or less constantly from year to year, actually be superior for least Terns and/or Piping Plovers to naturally-occurring sand bars whose existence varies from year to year? Is this not especially true because channelization of the river (that will not be reversed) has already greatly reduced the opportunities for sandbars to occur naturally?

(I am aware that this question bypasses an entirely different argument for natural water flow -- i.e. that Least Terns, Piping Plovers and the paddle fish are merely indicator species; many other species of birds and fish could also benefit from natural water regulation. One question at a time).  

I suppose the foregoing may apply with equal or greater force to the Corps' management of the Mississippi.

I'll be interested in the responses, especially if they address the feasibility of artifical habitat creation and leave Corps bashing and/or rehashing the environmentalists vs commercial interests debate to another time and place.

Thanks.


Bob Fisher
Independence, Missouri

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