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MOBIRDS-L  September 2002, Week 2

MOBIRDS-L September 2002, Week 2

Subject:

Re: Monarchs coming

From:

Robert Fisher <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

MO Wild Bird Forum <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Wed, 11 Sep 2002 17:08:50 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

Parts/Attachments:

Parts/Attachments

text/plain (48 lines)

A bit of background on the Monarchs for those who may wonder why people are
posting  information about seeing a few Monarch butterflies. Some may know,
but others may not, that there was a catastrophic mortality of Monarch
Butterflies in Mexico last winter, which got widespread publicity. As a
result, many people have wondered if the butterflies would survive as a
species in any substantial numbers. Seeing them on their annual southward
migration is therefore a good sign.

Actually, the story is much more complicated than many people have been led
to believe. Survival on the wintering grounds is only a part of it. The
butterflies winter by the hundreds of thousands in dense colonies occupying
small areas. More than 80% of all of the wintering butterflies were killed
by a freeze and snowfall in March, 2002. But the number present exceeded 100
million. Thus, even though a small percentage survived, it was a small
percentage of a large number. The previous winter, only 28.3 million
Monarchs wintered at their traditional roosts in Mexico. Had >80% of that
much smaller number died, the species would have been in much bigger trouble
as a result of the freeze.

But the story does not end there. The Monarchs work their way back north in
several generations, breeding along the way, traveling further north and
breeding again. Overall Monarch population success depends as much or more
upon breeding conditions in the north as it does on survival on the
wintering grounds. The year before last, only 4-5 million females made it to
the wintering grounds, the lowest number on record. But breeding conditions
in the north were good in 2001, and that small number of females produced
200 million young, accounting for the nice 100 million+ population that
reached Mexico last winter. Unfortunately, breeding conditions were expected
to be less favorable this year. Thus, the possibility still remained that
the species would be in trouble by the time the migration started this fall.

If you wish even more detailed information, I can recommend the following
excellent web site: www.monarchwatch.org.

Bob Fisher
Independence, Missouri
[log in to unmask]

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